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مطالعه کتاب Spiritual Discourses
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Spiritual Discourses

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Title: Spiritual discourses

Author(s): Ayatullah Murtadha Mutahhari

Translator(s): Sobhani, Malihe

Publisher(s): Islamic Propagation Organization

Category: Spirituality

Topic Tags: Beliefs

ISBN: 964-438-742-2

Appearance: 143 p

Congress Classification: BP10/5/م6الف5 1384

Dewey decimal classification: 297/07

National bibliography number: 1653909

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سرشناسه : مطهری، مرتضی، 1298 - 1358.

Mutahhari, Murtaza

عنوان و نام پدیدآور : Spiritual discourses/by Martyr Ayatullah Murtada Mutahhari: traslated by Dr. Zohreh Kassaina Malihe Sobhani.

مشخصات نشر : قم: انصاریان، 1384= 2005م.

مشخصات ظاهری : 143ص.

شابک : 964-438-742-2

وضعیت فهرست نویسی : « برون سپاری/ در دست مستند سازی»

یادداشت : انگلیسی.

یادداشت : کتابنامه.

آوانویسی عنوان : اسپیریچوال دیسکورسز

موضوع : اسلام -- مقاله ها و خطابه ها

شناسه افزوده : کسائیان، زهره، 1322 -، مترجم

شناسه افزوده : Kassaian, Zohreh

شناسه افزوده : ، مترجم سبحانی، ملیحه

شناسه افزوده : Sobhani, Malihe

رده بندی کنگره : BP10/5/م6الف5 1384

رده بندی دیویی : 297/07

شماره کتابشناسی ملی : 1653909

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Criteria for humanity, spiritual freedom, nobility, worship and prayer, repentance, migration and jihad, and belief in the unseen.

Discourse 1: The Criteria for Humanity

I have been asked to discuss the question of the criteria for humanity. If we were to do so from the viewpoint of biology, this would be an easy matter since we would be dealing with the human body and the place of human beings in the animal world, in which case there is no difference between individuals. By the standard of anatomy, medicine, and, even to some extent, psychology, there are no major differences between two or more individuals.

But is humanity limited to the body? Is human perfection and mobility confined to man's physical aspect? In humanistic sciences there is talk of perfect and imperfect man, of the low and high kind. What type of human being is ethically and socially worthy of respect because of his or her perfection, or deserving of contempt because of his or her imperfections?

This is a topic which has always attracted attention not only in human knowledge, but also in various religions. For example, the Quran speaks of human beings who are higher than angels and worthy of homage by the latter. It also mentions human beings who are inferior to animals.

What is the criteria which measures the differences between human beings? This question is not only related to religion. Materialistic philosophers,

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