مطالعه کتاب A Short History of Ilm al-Usul
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A Short History of Ilm al-Usul


Author(s): Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr

Publisher(s): Islamic Seminary Publications

Category: Hadith Sciences

Topic Tags: Islamic Jurisprudence Ilm-al-Usul Science Shariah


A discussion of 'Ilm al-Usul (the science of the principles of Islamic Jurisprudence), including its need, importance, and history.



In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

The subject under discussion is the knowledge of the Principles of Jurisprudence (Usul’ul Fiqh). The study of Principles of Jurisprudence is tantamount to a preparation to the study of Jurisprudence.

The knowledge about the Principles of Jurisprudence is more profound than the knowledge of Jurisprudence itself. The relationship between the study of Jurisprudence and its Principles is the same as it is between the study of Logic and Philosophy.

For example, everybody knows that the price of a certain commodity shows an upward trend while that of another remains static. This knowledge is superficial but the knowledge as to why the prices show an upward trend is a deep-rooted knowledge. The Holy Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet gives us precise commandments and edicts to adhere to the teachings of Islam in every walk of life; but all of these commandments have not been explained in detail.

It has been so because events and situations pertaining to relevant human activity and behavior vary; but to arrive at conclusions regarding various general rules and regulations, a guideline in the form of principles has no doubt been laid down.

Hence, the study of the Principles of Jurisprudence viz. the principles of deducing laws

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