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In order to bring to light for our respected readers the incident and manner of martyrdom of Ali-ibn-Abi Talib (A.S.), the immediate successor of the Prophet and the first Imam of the Shias, we shall mention in brief the history and events prior to this incident which in fact led to the martyrdom of Ali (A.S.).

Before the advent of Islam there lived two tribes in Mecca; one was called BANI-HASHIM and the other BANI-UMMAYAH. These two tribes drew their origin from one ancestor that is one grandfather. BANI-HASHIM were the sons of Amro-ibn-Abd Munaf, known by the title of ‘HASHIM’ while BANI-UMMAYAH were the sons of Ummayeh-ibn-Abd Shams-ibn-Abd Munaf. One of the ancestors of these two tribes, Nazr-ibn-Kanaane [In lineage, he stands ninth in number as Abd Munaf’s father and twelveth in number as Holy Prophet’s grandfather, that is Muhammad son of Abdullah, son of Abdul-Muttalib, son of Hashim, son of Abd Munaf, son of Qussi, son of Kilab, son of Murre, son of Ka’ab, son of Lowi, son of Ghalib, son of Fehr, son of Malik, son of Nazr-Quraish...] was known by the title of Quraish.

Thus BANI-HASHIM (sons of Hashim; Hashimites) and BANI-UMMAYAH (sons of Ummayah; Ummayites) were both from Quraish and were called by the names of Quraish and Quraishi.

Since ancient days, MECCA enjoyed a strategic position as it was a junction for commercial caravans and hence a meeting place for various tribes. To this, add the sanctity of Ka’aba which was holy to the Arabs from ancient times because of its construction at the hands of their ancestors Ibrahim Khaleel. Moreover, some had housed their idols there and the existence of idols in that house gave a reverence to tie very town of Mecca in that Arabian Peninsula. People from various tribes used to visit Mecca in order to see that house and perform their traditional rituals in that place.

As such, Mecca held an important status and the two clans - Hashim and Ummayah dominated over it.


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تمامی محتوای چند رسانه ای(کتاب ،کتاب صوتی، کتاب تصویری،مجلات،روزنامه ها،مقالات،پایان نامه ها) موجود در بازار کتاب دیجیتالی قائمیه با هماهنگی و رعایت کامل حقوق ناشران ، نویسندگان و دریافت مجوز کتبی از آنان به صورت کاملا رایگان عرضه می‌شوند.


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